If you regularly ride your bike on the roads of Washtenaw County, you might benefit from this quick summary of Michigan bicycle law.
According to Michigan law, a bicycle is “…a device propelled by human power upon which a person may ride, having either 2 or 3 wheels in a tandem or tricycle arrangement, all of which are over 14 inches in diameter.” That includes adult-sized tricycles and tandem bikes, but not motorized scooters or motorcycles.
No. Vehicle is defined as “every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices exclusively moved by human power…”
Yes. A bicycle, even if moving slower than the speed of traffic, is allowed to ride “as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway” unless:
- Passing another bicycle or vehicle going in the same direction.
- Turning left.
- The right-hand edge of the road is unsafe.
- The lane is too narrow for a vehicle to safely pass a bicycle.
- Going straight through an intersection with a right turn lane.
- On a one-way road (where you may also ride along the left curb).
Yes, unless signs say otherwise. Remember to give pedestrians the right of way, and call out when passing someone on foot.
As a general rule, a bicyclist riding in the road has all the same rights as someone operating a motor vehicle.
Yes. If you are riding at night you need to have a white light in the front and a red light on the back of your bike. You also need reflectors that are visible from all sides.
No. Michigan law says “A person propelling a bicycle or operating a motorcycle or moped shall not ride other than upon and astride a permanent and regular seat attached to that vehicle.” It also limits riders to the number the bike is designed to handle. So unless you are riding tandem, the rule is 1 bike, 1 rider.
No. It is illegal for a bicyclist to “attach himself” to a vehicle on the road.
Yes. Bicyclists are allowed to ride two across on the street, and more than that on designated bike paths.
There is no law that requires you to wear a bicycle helmet, but it is highly recommended.